Backup PostgreSQL to Amazon S3

2015-01-13 ·

This article describes an easy way to backup PostgreSQL database to Amazon S3 using s3cmd and cron.

Install and configure s3cmd

For Debian/Ubuntu

apt-get install s3cmd

For RedHat/CentOS

yum install s3cmd

For OSX

brew install s3cmd

Set Amazon access & secret keys using --configure option. Enable encryption for data transferring as well as HTTPS.

s3cmd --configure

Backup the database

PGPASSWORD=YOUR_PASSWORD pg_dump -Fc --no-acl -h localhost -U YOUR_USER YOUR_DB > backup.dump

Push to Amazon S3

Create a bucket

s3cmd mb s3://YOUR_NAME

Push created backup to that bucket

s3cmd put backup.dump s3://YOUR_NAME --encrypt

Automate

#!/usr/bin/env bash

APP=$1

DB_NAME=$2
DB_USER=$3
DB_PASS=$4

BUCKET_NAME=<YOUR_NAME_HERE>

TIMESTAMP=$(date +%F_%T | tr ':' '-')
TEMP_FILE=$(mktemp tmp.XXXXXXXXXX)
S3_FILE="s3://$BUCKET_NAME/$APP/$APP-backup-$TIMESTAMP"

PGPASSWORD=$DB_PASS pg_dump -Fc --no-acl -h localhost -U $DB_USER $DB_NAME > $TEMP_FILE
s3cmd put $TEMP_FILE $S3_FILE --encrypt
rm "$TEMP_FILE"

Save the file to backup.sh and make it executable with chmod +x. Test if it works with properly set positional parameters, e.g.

./backup.sh acme acme_db acme_user acme_pass

Add a cron entry using crontab -e and set it to run daily at 11pm

* 23 * * * /path/to/backup.sh acme acme_db acme_user acme_pass
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