How to execute Linux binary without execute permission
You can execute a binary in Linux without the execute permission. Use
/lib64/ld*.so as an ELF interpreter. The actual name differs from architecture to architecture.
ld is the program linker/loader. It finds and loads the shared libraries used by the program and executes it.
ld-linux handles ELF binaries.
cp /bin/ls /tmp/ls chmod a-x /tmp/ls