PostgreSQL: Allow Remote Connections

2017-09-03 ·
$ netstat -nlt
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address           Foreign Address         State
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:22              0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN
tcp        0      0 127.0.0.1:5432          0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN

Port 5432 is bound to 127.0.0.1. It means any attempt to connect to the PostgreSQL server from outside the machine will be rejected.

Edit postgresql.conf by changing listen_addresses = 'localhost' to listen_addresses = '*'. Restart PostgreSQL server

sudo systemctl restart postgresql

From now on Local Address” for port 5432 should change to 0.0.0.0.

You should be now able to initiate a remote connection. Replace 1.1.1.1 with the IP of your PostgreSQL server.

$ psql -h 1.1.1.1 -U postgres
psql: could not connect to server: Connection refused
	Is the server running on host "1.1.1.1" and accepting
	TCP/IP connections on port 5432?

Bounding to 0.0.0.0 interface is not enough. Remote connections also need a proper authentication rule being set in pg_hba.conf. By adding the following entry at the end, you will allow connections from any IP.

host    all             all              0.0.0.0/0                       md5
host    all             all              ::/0                            md5

You can also set IPs that can connect to this PostgreSQL server explicitly. The following configuration allows only connections from a machine 9.9.9.9.

host    all             all              9.9.9.9/0                       md5
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